USF Species Project

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View USF Tampa Plant Record: Phoenix reclinata

Scientific Name Phoenix reclinata
Common Name Senegal Date Palm
Family Arecaceae
Info "Family Name: Arecaceae Summary: Senegal Date Palm belongs to the family Arecaceae. It is a woody perennial with a single stem (trunk). Nativity/Habitat: This palm is not native to North America. It is found South Africa and is found open forests, savannah woodlands, and low scrub thickets. Morphology/Physiology: -Foliage: The crown typically has 15-30 green erect live leaves and 10-20 brown drooping dead leaves contributing to an irregular silhouette. Has stiff feathery evergreen fronds that can reach 10 ft long. The leaf is odd pinnately compound, linear in shape, and has an entire margin. Each leaf has approximately 100-200 leaflets in two ranks that are folded with the last 30-50 leaflets highly pointed. Leaflets are narrow, glossy, and dark green. -Trunk/Branches: It is a large palm with a slender trunk that grows to 10 in diameter and 15-20 ft tall. These palms are found in clusters that can contain as many as twenty trunks. The trunks can be seen sometimes swollen at the base and either straight or curved. -Flower: This palm cannot self-fertilize so it relies on dioecious flowers (flowers that are either male or female), however, only one sex is found on an individual tree. This palm flowers in spring and summer and has small cream colored stalkless flowers found in axils of young leaves. This palm has dioecious flowers (flowers that are either male or female), however, only one sex is found on an individual tree. Male flowers have three petals and six stamens with showy sprays containing fine pollen. Female flowers have three petals, three free carpels, and six stamens. -Fruit/Seed: Senegalís require full sun in order to fruit. When fruits are apparent, they are found in large drooping bunches. They are round one inch thick fruits that are fleshy and date-like. They can be seen as an orange-red to yellow-brown in coloration. Its fruit is consumed by birds which aids in dispersal of seeds. -Roots: They have deep penetrating fleshy roots that can be easily damaged and/or desiccated. Growth Requirements: Typically found in alluvial soils (fine-grained fertile soils deposited by water flowing over flood plains). This habitat provides permanent access to ground water. It prefers well-drained moist soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soils. It prefers full sun but can tolerate light shade and light frosts. They become especially hardy at maturation. Have little to no invasive potential. Uses/ Fun Facts: Its fruits are edible whether they are raw or cooked and can be used for beverages such as coffee and wine. As the Sengalís date-like fruits would hint to, this palm is closely related to the true date palm (Phoenix dactylifera). In fact, the Greek word for date palm is Phoenix. The palm was first introduced to the Greeks by Phoenicians. The species name ìreclinataî is Latin and translates to ìbent backwardsî in reference to the large bowing leaves found on these plants. Written by Rose O'Donovan"
Found By "Douglas Franz, Angel Aquino"
Date Found 2/4/2013
Native Nonnative
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